Infection with human rhinovirus (HRV) confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) does not decrease the likelihood of concurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants aged from 1 to 90 days old, according to a study in well-appearing febrile infants in this age group.
A 5-month-old previously healthy, full-term female presented to a pediatric emergency department with 2 weeks of left leg swelling. Her parents denied any history of trauma, pain, fevers, weight loss, and easy bruising or bleeding, and family history was negative for cancer. The patient had been feeding and eliminating well.
Urinalysis is extremely sensitive and specific for screening for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in febrile infants aged 60 days and younger, especially when the UTI is associated with bacteremia, a recent study showed.
A meta-analysis of 12 studies of the risk of death after a brief resolved unexplained event (BRUE) found that such an event does not increase an infant’s risk of dying during his or her first year. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) introduced BRUE, a sudden alteration in an infant’s breathing, color, tone, or responsiveness, as a replacement for “apparent life-threatening event” (ALTE) in a 2016 clinical practice guideline.
There are two articles in the March 2018 issue of Contemporary Pediatrics that merit your attention: Dr. Bass’ article on “Is it the flu?” and Ms. Zimlich’s article on “Major vaccines addressed in updated ACIP guidelines.”
Asking a series of questions that can lead to more appropriate preventive medication use can go a long way in improving the health of children with asthma and reduce hospitalizations.
For Contemporary Pediatrics, Dr Bobby Lazzara discusses a case control study published in Pediatrics that looked at whether associations existed between mother receiving influenza and/or Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccinations during pregnancy and infant hospitalization or death occurring in the first 6 months of life.
There are some notable revisions in 2018 to recommendations concerning hepatitis B vaccination for newborns and a third dose of mumps-containing vaccines, among others.
New predictive models may identify and help childhood cancer survivors at a higher risk for ischemic heart disease and stroke.
Dr. Michael Burke has selected 10 articles published during the last 12 months in Contemporary Pediatrics that he says are worth a second look.