The worried mother of an 11-year-old boy arrives at the office for evaluation of an asymptomatic bumpy rash that appeared suddenly in his right groin a month ago, and that has now extended all the way down to his right ankle. What's the diagnosis?
Adding emollients to bath water for eczema relief doesn’t help improve the condition, but costs a lot more than topical treatments.
Many parents and professionals have these misconceptions about allergies and other unusual findings.
A 16-year-old boy develops a diffuse, rapidly progressive eruption on his trunk, face, and extremities 4 days after starting oral amoxicillin for presumed strep throat. He presents to the emergency department (ED) where Stevens-Johnson syndrome is considered. The ED physician notes no mucous membrane involvement.
A 9-year-old boy presents for evaluation of white spots on his hands, elbows, knees, and legs. There is also a ring around a mole on his back. The patient’s parents first noted areas of depigmentation on his trunk and extremities, and his lesions have spread particularly in areas of trauma. The lesions were most noticeable in the summer when tanning increased the contrast between the involved and uninvolved areas of his body.
An 11-month-old boy was brought to the doctor by anxious parents for the evaluation of persistent diaper dermatitis. Despite trying multiple barrier creams and over-the-counter antifungal products, the rash did not resolve.
Following an uncomplicated pregnancy, labor, and delivery, a healthy 13-day-old girl presents for evaluation with a 2-day history of firm, violaceous nodules on her mid-upper back and right arm just above the axilla.
A healthy full-term newborn presented with a prominent sacral dimple within an oval patch. Ultrasound showed no evidence of spinal anomalies, and the child was discharged home. Three days later, the patch became elevated, red, and moist appearing, and she was brought to the emergency department (ED) for further evaluation of the “growing blister.”
We know you love a diagnostic challenge. Can you crack these 6 puzzling cases?
The parents of a healthy 5-month-old boy bring him to the office for evaluation of an enlarging yellowish nodule on the back of his right thigh. It started as a pink macule several months ago and became yellow and lumpy over the last month. The infant was born at term and has grown and developed normally. His parents deny any trauma, but report occasional bleeding from the surface of the nodule. They deny any new medications or outdoor exposures. There is no history of new topical skin products.